Transit & Parking FSA Plan Document $99

Section 132 of the tax code provides that employers may set up a flexible spending account benefit for employees to pay work-related transit and parking expenses with tax-free dollars. Tax savings on employee contributions to these FSAs come from income and FICA taxes for employees, with matching payroll tax savings for employers. All employers need to get started is a written plan document.


Parking & Transit FSA plan document package -- $99 @ Core Documents

 

$99 one-time fee in PDF via email

$149 one-time fee in PDF email + Deluxe Binder via USPS

 

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Parking & Transit FSA plan documents $99 @ Core Documents

How much tax savings?

In 2020, employees may set aside up to $270 monthly for eligible transportation costs necessary to get to work and a separate $270 monthly for eligible parking expenses paid so that the employee may be at work. Note that these amounts are contributed separately and held separately; transfers from parking to transportation or vice versa are not allowed.

Total tax savings depends on the amount an employee sets aside via pre-tax salary deductions and the employees tax bracket. For example:

Income Tax Bracket Income Tax Savings FICA Tax Savings Annual Tax Savings
22% $1,425.60 $495.72 $1,921.32
32% $2,073.60 $495.72 $2,569.32
37% $2,397.60 $495.72 $2,893.32
Table assumes employee contributes the combined maximum monthly allowance of $540 ($270 parking and $270 transportation) for a yearly total of $6,480. FICA (Social Security and Medicare) tax rate is 7.65%.

Employers save, too

Employer tax savings include FICA, FUTA, and other payroll taxes for a total 8% to 10% tax savings (varies by state). That means an average annual savings of $518 to $648 per employee contributing the combined maximum allowance.

How Section 132 FSAs work

The Transit and Parking FSA is similar to those for medical expenses and dependent care.

Before the start of the plan year, employees elect to set aside a certain amount (via equal and periodic pre-tax salary deductions) to cover qualifying costs of commuting to work. As an employee incurs Section 132 commuting expenses throughout the plan year, a request form is submitted to the employer for reimbursement.

No risk of loss

Unlike other FSAs, a Section 132 transit and parking FSA has no use-it-or-lose-it provision. If the employee does not use the full amount before the end of the program year, the left over amount is carried forward to the next year.

Who is eligible to participate in a transit & parking FSA?

As a general rule, the Transit and Parking FSA fringe benefit can only be provided by employers to employees. Common law employees and officers of corporations are eligible; however, sole proprietors, partners, independent contractors, and two-percent shareholders of S corporations are not.

Discrimination testing

The law does not include non-discrimination requirements for the benefit.

Qualified parking expenses

Parking expenses that can be paid with pre-tax dollars in a Section 132 plan include the cost of:

  1. Parking a vehicle in a facility that is near the employee’s place of work, or
  2. Parking at a location from where the employee commutes to work (for example, the cost of parking in a lot at the train station so that the employee can continue their commute on the train).

Qualified transit expenses

Qualified amounts include costs of any pass, token, fare card, voucher, or other item that entitles the employee to use mass transit for the purpose of traveling to or from their place of work.

However, when a transit voucher program is readily available, Federal regulations prohibit the use of cash reimbursement as a way to provide transit benefits.

The mass transit can be a public system, or a private enterprise provided by a company/individual who is in the business of transporting people in a “commuter highway vehicle,”defined in part as:

  • Having a seating capacity for six or more adults (not including the driver);
  • At least 80% of the of the vehicles’ mileage is from transporting employees to and from their place of work; and,
  • Carries at least three passengers (not counting the driver).

Commuter highway vehicles may be owned or leased by an employer to be used by employees or a third-party provider for transportation purposes. Employees can also own and operate commuter highway vehicles.

Commuter Transit & Parking FSA Plan Document

Parking & Transit FSA plan document package -- $99 @ Core Documents

 

$99 one-time fee in PDF via email

$149 one-time fee in PDF email + Deluxe Binder via USPS

 

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PDF Brochure – Core Section 132 Transit & Parking Plan Document & Forms

Click to download: Core Section 132 Transit & Parking FSA Plan Document Brochure