Health Flexible Spending Account (FSA)
Health Flexible Spending Accounts, previously known as Medical Expense Reimbursement Plans or Medical FSA plans are special accounts that allow employees to use pre-tax dollars to pay out of pocket medical expenses not covered by health insurance. The Health FSA reduces payroll taxes for both the employer and the employee making it a popular benefit option. For the employee it’s like getting a 30% discount on medical, dental and vision care expenses. The employer realizes up to 10% in matching FICA and FUTA tax savings.
See a Core Documents’ blog post regarding the Post-ACA Health FSA annual limit: Health Care Reform $2,500 Health FSA Limit – If Health FSA Is Not Amended It Fails To Be a Cafeteria Plan
Summary: The Internal Revenue Service released Notice 2012-40 providing guidance on the application of the Affordable Care Act’s $2,500 limit on employee pre-tax contributions to health fsa’s. Effective for plan years after December 31, 2012 Health Care Reform (ACA, ObamaCare) limits Health FSA contributions to $2,500 per plan year for employee contributions. Employers may also contribute to a Health FSA (flex credits) in excess of the $2,500 annual limit.
A cafeteria plan offering a health FSA will need to be amended to comply with the $2,500 limit. If a cafeteria plan utilizing a Health FSA is not timely amended, it fails to qualify as a cafeteria plan and/or Health FSA. All employee elections of nontaxable benefits under the plan, (e.g., health FSA salary reductions and health plan premium payments), must be included as gross income to the employees.
New $500 Carryover/Rollover of Unused Funds Allowed in 2014:
Permitted Carryover of Up to $500 Provides Greater Flexibility to Plan Participants
WASHINGTON – The U.S. Department of the Treasury and the IRS today issued a notice modifying the longstanding “use-or-lose” rule for health flexible spending arrangements (FSAs). To make health FSAs more consumer-friendly and provide added flexibility, the updated guidance permits employers to allow plan participants to carry over up to $500 of their unused health FSA balances remaining at the end of a plan year.
“Across the administration, we are always looking for ways to provide added flexibility and commonsense solutions to how people pay for their healthcare,” said Secretary Jacob J. Lew. “Today’s announcement is a step forward for hardworking Americans who wisely plan for health care expenses for the coming year.”
The Department of Treasury has modified its FSA “use-it-or-lose-it” provision to allow a limited rollover of FSA funds.
Details are as follows:
The major benefits of this new “rollover” provision include:
Here’s how FSA Plans work:
Each year the sponsoring employer allows an FSA open enrollment period where each employee is given the opportunity to decide how much money they estimate they’ll spend in healthcare, dental and vision care expenses for the coming year. Each employee then elects this amount to be divided into regular payroll deductions and deposited into their Health FSA account.
Employees then turn in receipts for qualifying medical, dental and vision care expenses to be reimbursed from their tax-free Health FSA account.
Qualifying Health Flexible Spending Account expenses include:
What About FSA Administration, Do I Need An FSA Administrator? That depends. Most of our competitors would try and convince you FSA Administration is much too difficult for you to try yourself, and then they assign your account to one of their lowest paid employees.
For those clients that would rather not spend the extra money every month for administrative services Core Documents offers a robust 10 megabyte Excel Spreadsheet Template for $49 that will manage up to 200 employees and up to six accounts for FSA, DCAP, HSA, HRA, Parking and Transit plans. Click here to see more information about $49 CoreData Administration Software.
When Is The Best Time To Start A FSA Plan? Anytime. Health FSA Plans can be started anytime.
What About Existing Section 125 FSA Plans Already In Place, That Need To Be Updated? If you already have an FSA Plan you started years ago, you can amend and restate the Plan anytime.
So What Exactly Will I Get From Core Documents for $129, How Does This Work? The Section 125 Health FSA Plan can be combined with the Section 125 Premium Only Plan and a Section 129 Dependent Care Assistance Plan for a full plan. Many purchase just one of the three components. It’s up to you and your specific needs.
Core Documents provides you with custom FSA plan documents prepared specifically from the variable criteria you provide in the application. We do not sell fill-in-the blank document templates that can be used for numerous clients. You will receive a single user license for the Plan Document, or combination of Plan Documents of your choice.
The basic PDF plan document package delivered via email is only $129, the deluxe printed plan document package in 3-ring binder (delivered via Priority Mail) plus the PDF email version is only$179.00
Each Plan Document package consists of five sections:
So, I’ve Purchased a Section 125 Health FSA Plan From Core Documents, What’s Next? Your signature ready custom Health FSA Plan Document will arrive via email shortly after you place the order. If you choose the deluxe printed 3-ring binder option it will arrive normally within a week via Priority Mail.
Do I need a Trust Account or Special Bank Account to Hold The Funds? No trust account is required by the IRS Code. ERISA may require a special trust account, however they have decided not to enforce the need for a trust account. It is generally accepted that a trust account is not necessary if separate accounting is maintained within the company’s general asset account.
Refund Policy: Purchaser understands that goods and services provided by Core Documents, Inc. are non-refundable. Orders cancelled prior to shipping are subject to cancellation fees applied to the cost of goods and services provided during the review, draft, and preparation of your order.
Download the Core Documents Section 125 Cafeteria Plan Employer Guide HERE